A Journalist should always abide by the ethics of the profession as laid down, in the Nigeria Union of Journalists ethics and other international associations of Journalists. The following are helpful ethical considerations:
- Rectification of Harmful inaccuracies and right of reply to criticism: Journalists should rectify promptly harmful inaccuracies in the media, ensure correction and apologize to the offending party. Journalists should apologize to persons criticized when the issue is of sufficient importance.
Information should not be obtained by crooked means: Journalists should not obtain information, photographs and other illustrations by crooked means such as paying or offering bribe to obtain information of public interest.
- Intrusion into private grief and distress: It is unethical for any journalist to intrude into private grief and distress except for overriding public interest.
- Protection of confidential information: As a cardinal rule, journalists should not disclose confidential sources of information – the reason being that such source might be endangered.
- Inducement or freebie to influence editorial conduct: Journalists should not accept bribe (freebie) and other inducements to influence editorial content or suppress news, comments or criticism.
- Advertising consideration: Journalists should not distort or suppress truth for the sake of advertising or other considerations.
- Violence: It is an unethical practice for any journalist or media organization to present or report acts of violence, armed robbery, terrorism or vulgar display of wealth in a manner that glorifies such acts in the eyes of the public.
- Children and Minor: A journalist should not report children under the age of sixteen or identify them or show their pictures in cases relating to sexual harassment, witchcraft or armed robbery.
- Plagiarism: A journalist should not copy whole sale or in part other peoples work without attribution.
- Sense of social responsibility: Journalists should not originate materials which encourage discrimination on grounds of race, colour, creed, gender or sexual orientation or use the media for axe grinding or settling scores.