Governor Okezie Ikpeazu has made a call for a new Nigerian constitution which will evolve from the will of the people and not foisted on Nigerians like the present 1999 Constitution.
Governor Ikpeazu made the call, recently, as Keynote Speaker at the 5th Osasu Show Symposium with the theme: “State Of The Nation, The People’s Constitution”, held at the International Conference Center in Abuja.
According to him, the new Constitution will restructure the country and devolve more powers to the federating units, entrench resource control by the states, establish federal, state, and local government police formations and be more responsive to the protection of the rights of all citizens, as well as provide a level playing field where all Nigerians will be treated equally.
The Governor stated that the major fundamental flaws of the present constitution is that it lacks the ownership of the people which is a key ingredient that clothes Constitutions with the requisite legitimacy.
He also faulted the provisions of the present constitution for failing to provide proper qualification for leadership in Nigeria and wondered why a modern constitution in modern times when science and technology is the order of the day, would prescribe a School Certificate as the qualification for the office of the President of Nigeria.
Governor Ikpeazu noted that the present constitution is not autochthonous and as such is incapable of commanding the requisite quantum of social mobilization required to move forward, a multi ethnic, multi religious, multi lingual and multi cultural country like Nigeria.
The Governor suggested that young Nigerians of between the ages of 20 and 35 be invited from both the Diaspora and locally, drawn across different professions – engineering, law, security, arts, education, architecture, economics, artisanship, etc to sit down and craft a new vision for our country, adding that their inputs can be inculcated into the new efforts towards a people’s constitution.
While elucidating on the sources of a Constitution, the Governor pointed out that the road to a proper constitution involves processes through which the voice and views of the people can be found.
These he said could be through constitutional conferences, referenda, Acts of parliament, Judicial precedents, customs of the people, conventions among others.
Drawing inference from constitutions of other countries like the USA, Argentina, South Africa, Tanzania, the Governor added, “what we currently have is a constitution handed down by military fiat complete with all the nuances of totalitarianism with a very powerful President, Governors and even Local Government Chairmen across the country”.
This military mindset, the Governor added, is the reason for unduly concentrating powers in the federal government in areas where it ordinarily has no business with.
“This needless concentration of powers in the federal government especially in the areas of security, revenue generation and allocation, resource control has stifled growth in the states and local governments, making them parasitic appendages of a powerful federal government.
“A situation where states look forward to monthly receipts from Abuja has killed hard work and initiatives, unlike the first Republic when the regions thrived well when they were quasi independent.”
On Security, the Governor decried a situation where a state governor in Nigeria cannot take actions to manage an urgent security issue because by virtue of the proviso to Section 215 (4) of the Constitution, the Commissioner of Police in a state may request that a matter be referred to the President or minister.
Governor Ikpeazu said the existence of a single national police outfit is at variance with federal system of government which has led to the establishment by different states in the country, of vigilante outfits and other forms of security and traffic management teams.
On resource control, the Governor decried a situation where some office of the federal government in Abuja hands out licenses to people to exploit mineral resources in states without any recourse to the states and even the local communities where these sites are located, and after these activities, these communities are abandoned with grave environmental problems.
According to Governor Ikpeazu’s Chief Press Secretary, Onyebuchi Ememanka, the event which also featured panel discussions was attended by an array of dignitaries including Acting Canadian High Commissioner, Ambassador Nicolas Simmard, former Attorney General of the Federation and Minister of Justice, Mohammed Bello Adoke, while
Vice President Yemi Osinbajo joined virtually.