Mayo Clinic defined Rheumatoid arthritis as a chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect more than just your joints. The condition according to them can damage a wide variety of body systems, including the skin, eyes, lungs, heart and blood vessels in some people.
An autoimmune disorder, rheumatoid arthritis occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks your own body’s tissues.
The following are the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis :
Tender, warm, swollen joints
Joint stiffness that is usually worse in the mornings and after inactivity
Fatigue, fever and loss of appetite
Early rheumatoid arthritis tends to affect your smaller joints first — particularly the joints that attach your fingers to your hands and your toes to your feet.
Symptoms often spread to the wrists, knees, ankles, elbows, hips and shoulders as the disease progresses. In most cases, symptoms occur in the same joints on both sides of your body.
About 40 percent of the people who have rheumatoid arthritis also experience signs and symptoms that don’t involve the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect many non-joint structures, including; Skin, Eyes, Lungs, Heart, Kidneys, Salivary glands, Nerve tissue, Bone marrow, Blood vessels, Risk factors
Factors that may increase the risk of having Rheumatoid Arthritis
The following are factors that may increase the risk of having the disease;
Your sex: Women are more likely than men to develop rheumatoid arthritis.
Age: Rheumatoid arthritis can occur at any age, but it most commonly begins in middle age.
Family history: If a member of your family has rheumatoid arthritis, you may have an increased risk of the disease.
Smoking: Cigarette smoking increases your risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, especially if you have a genetic predisposition for developing the disease. Smoking also appears to be associated with greater disease severity.
Obesity: People especially women age 55 and younger who are overweight or obese appear to be at a somewhat higher risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis.
Rheumatoid arthritis treatment
There’s no cure for RA, but there are treatments that can help you manage it.
Treatments may include:
Specific types of exercises
Alternative/ home remedies
specific types of exercises
An healthcare provider would be the best fit to determine which treatment plan to recommend.
How to prevent Rheumatoid arthritis
According to WebMD no Research has shown that there’s any known way to prevent rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the following can be done to lower the chances.
- Quit smoking if you do.
- Lose weight, especially if you’re 55 or younger.
- There may be a link between RA and periodontal (gum) disease, so brush and floss and see your dentist for regular checkups.
- Limit exposure to environmental pollutants: Exposure to some environmental pollutants can expose or increase the risk
- Get help Early: See a doctor as soon as you start seeing symptoms.
Source: Mayo Staff Clinic